In my last post I used census and other records to locate my Londors ancestors  on the map of 19th century Barkingside, Essex. I noted that the Londors family probably occupied the same cottage, on the equivalent of present-day Roding Lane South, for more than a century, and that their near neighbours for most of this time were various members of the landed Hatton family.

River Roding and the North Circular Road at Barking today

(image from ‘Buildings of London’ website)

For example, in 1841 my great-great-great-grandparents John and Mary Ann Londors were living at Hattons Corner, apparently two doors away from unmarried schoolmistress sisters Mary and Sarah Hatton at White Hall. Meanwhile, brother Benjamin Brett Hatton was resident at St. Swithins Farm, a short distance along the same road.

By 1851, Benjamin Hatton had moved to Carswell Cottage at Hattons Corner, and handed over the farming of St. Swithins to James Black. Immediately next door to the Hattons were John and Mary Londors and their family, suggesting that Carswell Cottage (or, in late records, Carswell House) might have been identical with White Hall. In 1861, the Londors’ address is once more known as Hattons Corner, and their neighbour is again Benjamin Hatton, now described as a landowner, at ‘Hattons Carswell’. Ten years later, in 1871, the Hattons and the Londors family are still neighbours, but now the road where they both live is described as St. Swithins Road.

In 1881, John Londors’ widow Mary and son James are still at Hattons Corner Beehive, next to the late Benjamin Hatton’s son and heir Llewellyn at ‘Hatton House Beehive.’ By 1891, there has been another name change, with the Hattons’ home becoming Carswell House, and the Londors family home, at ‘Hattons Cottages,’ now occupied solely by son James. In 1901, Llewellyn Hatton’s home is known simply as Carswell and the house next door, occupied by James Londors and his sister Mary Ann, as Carswell Cottages. In the 1911 census, James and Mary Ann are still at ‘Carswell Cottages Roding Lane, Barkingside.’ From this census, incidentally, we learn that the cottage only had three rooms.

Early 19th century farm workers

It seems clear, then, that the original Londors family home was next door to the home of the landowning Hatton family. This leads to me to three conclusions.

Firstly, that the Londors’ cottage was almost certainly part of the Hatton estate and owned by the Hatton family, making John Londors a tenant of Benjamin Brett Hatton. Secondly, that John, a farm labourer, was probably employed by the Hattons to work on their land, and this may also have been true of some or all of his sons and grandsons. And thirdly, that their long residence at what became known as Carswell Cottage suggests that the Londors family must have been reliable tenants and dependable workers.

In the next post, I’ll say more about the Hatton family and their association with Carswell House and St Swithins Farm.