‘All and singular the Goods Chattels and Credits of John Gibson’

In the last post, I reported my discovery of an inventory of the property of my 6 x great grandfather John Gibson (1699 – 1763), drawn up by his widow Mary after his death. In this post, I’m sharing my transcription of this document, and in a later post I’ll discuss what it tells us about John and his family.

The document I’ve transcribed is, in fact, two documents published together: first a ‘declaration instead of a true just and faithful account’ and then another declaration ‘instead of a true and perfect inventory’.  For the most part, the text is refreshingly clear, but some words and sentences are obscured by paper folds and so forth: I’ve represented these with ‘xxx’. As usual, I’ve retained the original spelling and punctuation:

A Declaration instead of a true just and faithful Accompt made Exhibited and Rendered by Mary Gibson Widow the Relict and Administratix of all and singular the Goods Chattles and Credits of John Gibson late of the Parish of Saint Botolph without Aldgate in the county of Middlesex deceased. 

This Declarant doth declare that as Administratix of the said deceased she possessed herself of divers Good Chattles and Credits which she in her Conscience very believed and still does believe were the property of the said deceased but whether by Law they will be deemed so or not the this Declarant for the Reasons setforth in the Inventory hereunto annexed cannot at present ascertain And this Declarant further declares that she hath paid more than the Assetts she received to Persons whom she esteemed to be just Creditors of the said deceased But for the Reasons set forth in her Inventory hereunto annexed she is advised that she cannot with safety say that such Persons were Creditors of the said deceased for fear they should by Law be deemed Creditors of Mary Greene mentioned in the Inventory hereunto annexed But this declarant further declares that so soon as the Action commenced against her by the Assignees of the said Mary Greene shall be determined so that she may be able to ascertain who were or were not Creditors of the said deceased She shall and will be ready and willing to setforth the respective sums paid to such Creditors of the said deceased And therefore this Declarant prays to be indulged such time till she can agreeable to her Oath render a just true and faithful Account

Mary Gibson

The third day of May 1764 the said Mary Gibson was sworn to the truth of the abovewritten Declaration instead of a true just Account before me

Will: Macham Surrogate 

Present

R. J. Jenner and J. Publick

A Declaration instead of a true and perfect Inventory of all and singular the Goods and Chattels and Credits of John Gibson late of the Parish of St Botolph without Aldgate Deceased which since his death have come to the hands possession or knowledge of Mary Gibson Widow the Relict and Adminstratrix of all and singular the Goods Chattels and Credits of the said Deceased follows that is to say 

This Declarant Doth declare that in or about the Year 1742 an Extent Issued at the fecit (?) of the Crown against the Effects of the said John Gibson the Deceased and in order to save and secure the said deceaseds Household Furniture from being taken from the said deceaseds House and sold at Publick Sale, Mary Greene the said deceaseds Mother in Law purchased the same, That the said deceased some time after the Issuing of the said Extent became xxx xxx xxx of Bankruptcy Issued against him and he was duly declared Bankrupt and afterwards obtained his Certificate under said Commission But the said Extent not being fully satisfied the said deceased was afterwards Arrested at the suit of the Crown under the said Extent and lay in Prison several Years til he was released from thence by an order of Parliament on giving security for his appearance whenever called on by the Crown That in February 1757 being several years after the said deceased was released xxx xxx xxx Rosemary Lane xxx xxx xxx Uttensils and fixtures thereto belonging. But xxx as such Extent had not as this Exhibtant has been informed and believes been fully satisfied the said deceased caused such purchase to be made in the name of the said Mary Greene which the said Mary Greene consented to Altho’ she was no ways directly or indirectly (as this Exhibitant verily believes) concerned therein her own right and this Exhibitant further declares that she hath been informed & believes that the said Mary Greene on or about the 28th day of February 1757 executed a Declaration of trust to the said John Gibson the deceased among other things therein declaring that the said Brewing Utensils Lease and other things so purchased in her the Said Mary Greene’s Name was purchased with the proper Money of the said John Gibson and that her the Said Mary Greene’s Name was only made use of in such purchase  in Trust for the said John Gibson his Executors Administrators and Assigns And this Exhibitant further declares that the said deceased upon his so purchasing such Brewing Utensils fixtures and other things and also the remainder of such aforesaid Lease in Rosemary Lane carried on the Trade or Business of a Brewer but so carried on the same for the reasons aforesaid in the name of the said Mary Greene And this Exhibitant further declares That the said deceased for some few years before his xxx xxx xxx one thousand seven hundred and sixty three growing as this Exhibitant believes more regardless than before of the consequences of such aforesaid Extent from an appreciation  that the Crown wou’d not after so long a period of time trouble him thereon in most instances used his own name in carrying on the aforesaid Brewing Business as well as that of the Said Mary Greene And this Exhibitant verily believing as She still does verily believe That the Said Mary Greene had no real right or property in or to any of the said Brewing Utensils Lease and other things the this Exhibitant therefore immediately after the death of the said deceased took possession of all the aforesaid Brewing Utensils Lease and other things and till the Lease and Brewing Utensils could be disposed of She caused the said Brewing Business to be carried on and did carry on the same for about two Months to wit til the Month of May One thousand and seven hundred and Sixty three and then procured as purchaser for the same that such Lease was esteemed of no Value there being then only about three years to come and in respect to such Brewing Utensils She sold the same upon a fair Appraisement to one Mr. Holdbrook and applied the produce together with the other Assetts of the Deceased that had come to her hands in discharge of his the deceaseds debts and that notwithstanding she had so applied the same in discharging his the said deceaseds Debts one Mr John Soundy a Maltster to whom the said deceased after his death was or was said to be a debtor caused a Commission of Bankruptcy to be taken out against the Said Mary Greene under the suggestions that such debt due from the said deceased was in fact due from the said Mary Greene and he the said John Soundy and one Joseph Burch a Creditor of the said deceased as she apprehends him but for the reasons aforesaid pretending to be a Creditor of the said Mary Greene by reason of her Name having been made use of by the deceased in xxx xxx xxx aforesaid that were chosen Assignees under such Commission of Bankruptcy And they the said John Soundy and Joseph Burch as Assignees as aforesaid of the said Mary Greene in Hillary Term One thousand seven hundred and sixty four brought an Action of xxx against this Exhibitant for the aforesaid Brewing Utensils under the pretence that such Brewing Utensils were the real property of the said Mary Greene and therefore she this Exhibitant cannot till such Action shall be determined possibly ascertain what will or will not remain or by Law be deemed the proper Goods of the said deceased But she declares That so soon as such Action shall be determined and she can ascertain what are the proper Goods of the said deceased she shall and will be ready and willing to setforth the same and charge herself therewith And therefore the Declarant prays to be indulged with time till she can agreeable to her Oath Exhibit a just true and faithful Inventory of all and singular the Goods Chattels and Creditors of the said deceased

Mary Gibson

The third day of May 1764 the said Mary Gibson was sworn to the truth of the beforewritten Declaration instead of a true and perfect Inventory 

Before me

Will: Macham Surrogate

Present

R. J. Jenner & J. Pub….

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