London from Southwark. Oil on wood. This is a view of London taken from Southwark in the mid-1600s before the Great Fire. It shows Southwark in the foreground, with the playhouses on the left-hand side and the cathedral in the centre. London Bridge spans the river and then the City of London itself is on the north bank of the Thames, shown as a huddle of crowded, narrow houses and church spires. The writer John Evelyn described London as ‘this Glorious and Antient Cityâ€¦so full of Stink and Darknesse’ in his Fumifugium of 1661. He went on to call the buildings ‘such a Congestion of mishapen and extravagant Houses’. This ‘congestion’ of houses and industries belched out huge amounts of smoke into the atmosphere and created a massive fire risk. The Great Fire of London was an accident waiting to happen.